Gain - A gain is a general increase in the value of an asset or property. A gain arises if the current price of something is higher than the original purchase price. For accounting and tax purposes, gains may be classified in several ways, such as gross vs. net gains or realized vs. unrealized (paper) gains. Capital gains may additionally be classified as short-term vs. long-term in nature.
Gamma - Gamma is the rate of change in an option's delta per 1-point move in the underlying asset's price. Gamma is an important measure of the convexity of a derivative's value, in relation to the underlying. A delta hedge strategy seeks to reduce gamma in order to maintain a hedge over a wider price range. A consequence of reducing gamma, however, is that alpha will also be reduced.
Gann fans - Technical analysis indicator based on the notion that the market has geometric and cyclical characteristics. A Gann fan is formed by a set of lines known as Gann angles. These angles are placed over a price chart to display possible levels of support and resistance. Technical analysts use the resulting image to help them predict future price movements.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) - The term refer to a common set of accounting rules, regulations, and processes established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) (FASB). When assembling their financial accounts, American public firms' accountants are required to adhere to GAAP. The main objective of GAAP is to guarantee the accuracy, consistency, and comparability of financial accounts for businesses. Most other countries utilize the IFRS standards, while the U.S. primarily uses GAAP.
Global bond - Global bonds, also known as Eurobonds, are a form of bond that are issued and traded outside of the nation where the bond's currency is denominated.
Global fund - A global fund is a fund that makes investments in businesses operating anywhere in the world, including the investor's own nation. A global fund looks to pick the top investments from among a variety of assets available worldwide. Passively managed global funds are also possible. A global fund may be invested in various asset classes or just one specific asset class.
Government bond - A government bond is a type of financial security issued by the government to fund its spending and obligations. Periodic interest payments on government bonds are known as coupon payments. Government bonds issued by national governments are frequently seen as low-risk investments because the issuing government guarantees them. Sovereign debt is another name for government bonds.
Greeks - The Greeks are the terms used to refer to the variables that determine risk in the options market. Each of these risks is represented by a Greek symbol. Each Greek variable is the outcome of a flawed assumption or connection between the option and another underlying variable. Different Greek values, including alpha, delta, theta, and others, are used by traders to evaluate the risk of options and manage option portfolios.
Green bonds - A particular class of fixed-income instrument created for the express purpose of raising funds for projects that protect the environment and the climate.
Green bond principles - Guidelines that are offered voluntarily when issuing Green Bonds, to help promote and encourage transparency, disclosure and integrity in the growth of the Green Bond market.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - The total monetary or market worth of all the finished goods and services produced within a nation's borders during a certain time period is known as the gross domestic product (GDP). It serves as a thorough assessment of a particular country's economic health as a wide indicator of entire domestic production.
Gross earnings - Gross earnings are the total income that an individual, household, or business has made during a certain period of time. Gross earnings for people and households are the sum of money received before any deductions for taxes or other adjustments. In the business world, it's a matter of accounting convention that refers to a public company's gross profit, or the amount remaining from total revenues for a given time period after deducting cost of goods sold (COGS).
Growth company - Any company that creates considerable positive cash flows or earnings that grow significantly more quickly than the entire economy is considered a growth company. A growth company usually offers excellent potential for reinvested retained earnings. As a result, it frequently pays little to no dividends to stockholders, since it chooses to reinvest the majority or all of its earnings in growing the company instead.
Growth investing - Investment strategy that concentrates on companies and stock funds whose earnings are growing quickly and are anticipated to keep on growing.
Growth stock -Any stock in a company that is expected to increase in value much faster than the market as a whole is considered a growth stock. Typically, these stocks don't pay dividends, as they typically seek to reinvest any earnings they generate to promote growth in the short term. When investing in growth companies, investors hope to profit from capital gains when they eventually sell their shares in the future.
Growth-style funds - Growth funds prioritize prospective gains, and generally focus on company stocks with earnings that outperform the current market. The management makes an effort to succeed by concentrating on rapidly growing sectors and industries, and making investments in well-known businesses that consistently improve their earnings. The fund grows as the share price of their individual company holdings climb.
Guaranteed bond - A guaranteed bond is a type of financial security that provides a secondary assurance by a third party, in the event that the issuer defaults due to insolvency or bankruptcy. The third party is the entity that would make interest and principal payments. A guaranteed bond may be corporate or municipal in nature. Guaranteed bonds can be backed by bond insurance companies, fund or group entities, government agencies, or the corporate parents of subsidiaries or joint ventures that are issuing bonds.
Guidance - A public company provides informal guidance to shareholders outlining the expected earnings in the upcoming fiscal quarter or year. The term "guidance," which is sometimes used to refer to a forward-looking statement, comprises internal forecasts for sales, profitability, and capital expenditures. These projections are typically subject to adjustment over time. Guidance is often contrasted with analysts' estimates, which are produced by outside industry experts.