Y


Y - Y is an extension to a ticker symbol. It denotes that the security is an American depositary receipt (ADR). Therefore, a stock symbol ending with the letter Y indicates that the stock is an American depositary receipt (ADR). ADRs, or negotiable certificates representing shares of foreign stock, are a popular means for U.S. investors to purchase equities of companies based outside of the United States.



Year-over-year (YOY) -
A year-on-year comparison is a common financial comparison that looks at two or more quantifiable events on a yearly basis. YOY performance can be used to determine if a company's financial performance is improving, staying the same, or declining. For instance, you can read in financial reports that a certain company stated its fourth-quarter revenues increased year over year for the previous five years.



Year to date (YTD)
- Year to date (YTD) refers to the time period from the first day of the current calendar year or fiscal year to the present day. YTD data can be used to compare performance to peers or competitors in the same industry or to analyze business trends over time. Often, the acronym YTD is used in reference to terms such earnings, net pay, and investment returns.



YTD total return
- Year-to-date return on an investment that includes appreciation as well as dividends or interest, less any applicable fees or expenses.




YTD Return (with load)
- Year-to-date return on an investment, which includes appreciation as well as dividends or interest, less any applicable fees or charges.



Yield
- Annual percentage rate of return on capital. The dividend or interest paid by a company expressed as a percentage of the current price. "Yield" refers to the earnings generated and realized on an investment over a particular period of time. It's expressed as a percentage based on the invested amount, current market value, or face value of the security. Yield includes the interest earned or dividends received from holding a particular security. Depending on the valuation (fixed vs. fluctuating) of the security, yields may be classified as known or anticipated.




Yield curve
- Return on capital, expressed as a percentage annually. A company's dividend or interest paid stated as a percentage of its current price. Yield is a term used to describe the profits made and realized on an investment over a specific time frame. It is represented as a percentage based on the amount invested, the security's current market value, or its face value. Yield is made up of the interest or dividends that come with holding a specific security. Yields can be categorized as known or anticipated depending on the security's valuation (fixed vs. variable).



Yield to maturity
- The rate of return an investor will earn if a long-term, interest-bearing investment, such as a bond, is kept until its maturity date.




Yield to maturity distribution
- The typical return that a bond will earn if it is held to maturity.




Yield spread
- A yield spread is the difference in yields on several financial instruments with different maturities, credit ratings, issuers, or risk levels. It is computed by subtracting the yield of one instrument from the yield of the other. This distinction is commonly stated in basis points (bps) or percentage points.

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